Photo courtesy Tim Sutherland
The barrel, or “practice horse,” is a vital tool for all vaulting programs. Today the EVUSA has a standardized barrel that is designed for all recognized vaulting events, but the many known benefits of barrel work are far from new and have never been limited to any single standard or shape.The barrel is a multi-purpose apparatus for all levels of vaulting and riding instruction and should be an integral part of every vaulting program. The barrel may be the first “horse” on which students are trained. Besides being effective in teaching correct technique and form, barrels are fun! Students often name their mock horses and put tails and other decorations on this essential piece of training equipment. Fun and practicality aside, the invaluable old school barrel continues to serve many purposes in every well-run riding or vaulting program.
There is very little in vaulting that cannot be done first on a barrel. Once moves are mastered on a barrel, they will almost always transfer to a moving horse. Compulsories, freestyle, games and repetitions of drills can be practiced for hours with great results. The total benefit of barrel work is immeasurable at every level of vaulting!
Throughout history, cavalries worldwide trained on many types of stationary horses. Some models were not even stationary but instead had rockers, wheels or pulleys to simulate the movement of a live horse. Today many military police and cavalry continue to include some form of vaulting training and its related barrel work in their curriculum, while riding clubs the world over also continue the traditional use of wooden horses in their programs.
From a western roping horse dummy, to polo pony cages where riders sit on a stationary horse to practice swinging their mallet, the imitation horse remains a valuable tool for equestrians everywhere. The cowboys’ mechanical bull even shares the same purpose as our vaulting barrel.
From ground level pony barrels to models that stand 16 hands high, barrel variety allows instructors and students of all levels many options for their individual needs.
Photo courtesy Tim Sutherland
The list of exercises that can be practiced and performed on a barrel is too long for this article. For riders, leg aids, balanced seat, posture, mounts, dismounts, and proper methods of reining and cuing the horse can all be first mastered on the practice horse. For vaulters, all compulsory exercises, team, and individual freestyle moves can and should be practiced and perfected first on the barrel.
Beyond that, limitless drills and conditioning exercises are a must for every well-rounded vaulting program. The barrel allows vaulters the chance to be creative without risk to the horse as they master and invent new exercises. Barrels in fact inspire creativity, and will be the source of many new ideas that your students will hone for the horse.
Barrel work always enhances the safety of a vaulting or riding program. Barrels should be used during all stages of instruction to ensure proper mechanics and mastery of the correct seat, position of legs, alignment and any new exercises or skill being introduced. When barrels are used, the program will not only be safer but the students will learn faster and more efficiently. Why?
Photo courtesy Pacific Coast Vaulters
Barrels can be low (at or near ground level), EVUSA standard, tall, or adjustable. Every height has different advantages, so select one that fits the space available and the level of vaulters or riders that you will be training. The EVUSA standard is a good average for everyday lessons, and it is the size that you will always find at recognized EVUSA barrel competitions.
Barrels can be narrow or wide. Again this will be determined by the size and physical ability of the students. Small children and some disabled students are better facilitated when using a narrow practice horse, as they may lack the flexibility to stretch around the standard barrel circumference.
Barrels can be stationary or portable. Many trainers prefer to have both. If you plan on using a barrel in your daily lessons, a single permanent barrel will be very handy. They are most often made of wood, plastic, or 55 gallon metal drums. They can be bare (without a cover) for use with a saddle or surcingle and appropriate pad, or padded with foam and covered with a variety of materials such as carpet or canvas.
Whatever the covering, the outside surface material will provide more or less friction. Friction can be adjusted by the choice of the cover materials. Too much friction such as a plush carpet will reduce flight, and too little like a tightly woven canvas can cause slipping. Know your vaulter levels and be alert to the role cover friction will play in their safety and success. As with horse vaulting, many instructors also use sticky spray to help reduce slipperiness.
Barrels can be designed with grips or without. Though in vaulting permanent grips are the most often seen, both styles have noteworthy benefits. Gripless barrels have the advantage of being able to either have a saddle or surcingle placed on them for schooling students. This personalized approach is ideal for riders and advanced vaulters who are accustomed to a particular style of saddle, grips or cossack placement.
When using a surcingle or saddle on a barrel, secure it squarely in the center of the barrel by cinching it as tight as possible. D-rings attached to your gripless barrel can further anchor your tack. Remember accidents that may result in injury are most commonly associated with equipment shifting. So a stable, level barrel with centered, secure equipment helps to guarantee the students’ progress and welfare.
Practice barrels with permanent grips are always ready for use, requiring no tack. If you have large numbers of students, fixed grips on the barrel reduce wear and tear on your surcingle by letting the welded permanent grips take the workout rather than costly high maintenance leather.
Once you have your barrel or barrels, how do you go about using them most successfully?
Photo courtesy Jerry Yang
Barrels are super for practice and demonstrations, and like horse vaulting, EVUSA promotes barrel competitions at all levels, providing opportunities for vaulters to share in the thrill of competition year-round at recognized and unrecognized events. One such class is Two Phase, where vaulters are scored on both horse compulsories to the right and a freestyle barrel routine.
No matter whether you are schooling riders or training international-level vaulters you will find, as centuries of equestrians have before, that a down-to-earth barrel becomes an invaluable piece of equipment at every level for teaching the fundamentals to the fine points of equestrian sport.